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Equality and Diversity

Equality and Diversity'No Quality without Equality'

Birmingham CrossCity Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) is committed to commissioning the very best care for the diverse population we serve, recognising that services need to be designed with equality, diversity and human rights at the core of business and decision making.

We are committed to eliminating unlawful discrimination and promoting equality of outcomes for our diverse population. We aim to do this by ensuring that the values underpinning equality, diversity and human rights are central to our policy making, service planning, employment practices and commissioning.

For our staff, we recognise and value difference and aim to create a working culture and practices that recognise, respect, and value difference for the benefit of the organisation and the individual.
The CCG works to a number of statutory and policy drivers, which underpin the Equality and Diversity Agenda. The main pieces of legislation and policy drivers are set out below.

Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act 2010 replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single act in October 2010. This single act has made equality laws simpler: easier for people to understand and comply with; removed inconsistencies; and strengthened protection in some situations.

The Act covers nine protected characteristics, which cannot be used as a reason to treat people unfairly. These characteristics refer to the groups of people who are specifically offered protection by the Equality Act. Every person has one or more of the protected characteristics, and so the Act protects everyone against unfair discrimination.

Protected Characteristic

Protection is afforded to:


A person belonging to a particular age or age group.  People of different ages including children, younger and older people.


People who have a disability or a physical or mental impairment and it has substantial and long term adverse effect on an individual’s ability to carry out normal daily living activities.

Gender Reassignment

People who are proposing to undergo, are undergoing or have undergone a process (or part of a process) to reassign their sex by changing physiological or other physical attributes of sex.

Marriage and Civil Partnership

People who are married or in a civil partnership.

Pregnancy and Maternity

Women who are having or have recently had a baby.


People characterised by shared ethnicity, colour, nationality (including citizenship) ethnic or national origins.

Religion or Belief

People with or without a religion or belief.


Men and women.

Sexual Orientation

People whose sexual orientation is towards people of the same sex as themselves (gay or lesbian); people of the opposite sex (heterosexual); or people of both sexes (bisexual).

The Equality and Human Rights Commission has produced a range of guidance on the Equality Act 2010:

Public sector equality duties

The Equality Act 2010 introduced a public sector equality duty consists of a general duty and specific duties.

General equality duty

The general duty requires the CCG as a public body to demonstrate due regard to the need to:
• Eliminate unlawful discrimination, harassment, victimisation and other conduct prohibited by the Act.
• Advance equality of opportunity between people from different groups;

  • Remove or minimise disadvantages suffered by people due to their protected characteristics
  • Meet the needs of people with protected characteristics; and
  • Encourage people with protected characteristics to participate in public life or in other activities where their participation is low
  • • Foster good relations between people from different groups
  • Tackling prejudice and promoting understanding between people from different groups

Specific equality duties

The specific duties require public bodies such as the CCG to:




Publish relevant, proportionate information demonstrating compliance with the general duty

The information published should indicate how we are demonstrating compliance with the general equality duty and include equality monitoring data about employees (for those with 150 or more employees) and service users.

At least annually, commencing 31 January 2013

Prepare and publish one or more objectives it thinks it should achieve to have due regard to the need to eliminate discrimination and harassment, to advance equality of opportunity and foster good relations

The objectives should be specific and measurable; designed

At least every four years commencing 13 October 2013

To find out how the CCG is meeting those duties, please click on the menu items on the left.

What do we mean by Human rights?

The Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA) came into force in 2000. Everyone in the UK is protected under the Act. Birmingham CrossCity CCG as a public authority is obliged by law to respect the basic human rights of all citizens. As a public body we must at all times act in a manner compatible with the rights protected in this Act and safeguard these for patients and staff in our care and employment.

Human Rights are underpinned by a set of common values and have been adopted by the NHS under the acronym FREDA.

The FREDA principles represent:

  1. Fairness (e.g. fair and transparent grievance and complaints procedures)
  2. Respect (e.g. respect for same sex couples, teenage parents, homeless)
  3. Equality (e.g. not being denied treatment due to age, sex, race etc.)
  4. Dignity (e.g. sufficient staff to change soiled sheets, help patient to eat/drink)
  5. Autonomy (e.g. involving people in decisions about their treatment and care)

Consideration of Human Rights is also given in our Equality Analysis process, to ensure that our policies and strategies are compatible with the rights afforded by this Act.

Health and Social Care Act 2012

The Act builds on the core principles and values of the NHS – a comprehensive service that is available to all, based on need and free at the point of use.

The Act charges the National Commissioning Board with an explicit duty to address inequalities in outcome and achieve fair and equitable access to health services.
NHS Constitution

The CCG is committed to upholding the NHS Constitution which outlines a number of commitments and pledges to uphold patient dignity and human rights.

Further information

If you have any queries or would like any further information please contact Balvinder Everitt, Birmingham CrossCity's Manager for Equality and Diversity, on 0121 255 0641 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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